In this technological modern world, businesses leverage a variety of software to ensure efficient and productive operations. According to statistics, the number of software applications deployed by large corporates and firms across all industries in the world has increased up to 68% over the last four years. In addition, software companies like Eco Tech Software have popped up, providing eco-friendly practices to their software development processes.
In addition, the ever-increasing number of technological advancements has made way to intelligent software solutions like artificial intelligence. That said, most developers and business owners didn’t stop and think about the impact these technologies may have on the environment.
Thus, sustainability has become a critical issue for most businesses and companies around the world. Knowing the impact of these technologies on the environment, more and more businesses in various industries have incorporated greener technology.
- Eco Tech Software Industry is Going Green
- Eco-Friendly Software Development: 4 Emerging Trends
Eco Tech Software Industry is Going Green
More businesses, especially large corporations, are now making commitments to be carbon negative or carbon neutral as the world tries to confront the critical carbon dilemma.
In fact, tech giants in the US heavily communicated their initiatives in using renewable energy sources for their energy consumption. Amazon became the largest corporate purchaser of renewable energy in 2020. Google, on the other hand, has been a carbon-neutral firm since 2007, claiming that its data centres use about half the energy of a regular data centre.
In terms of software development, Microsoft initiated the Green Software Foundation. Their goal is to create an ecosystem of people, tools, practices and standards to reduce carbon emissions caused by software development. One of their activities is to develop training courses and certification schemes for green software developers. Their target is to reduce greenhouse emissions by up to 45% by 2020.
Eco-Friendly Software Development: 4 Emerging Trends
In order to reduce the negative impact on the environment, these 3 key trends are shaping the software development industry.
1. Code Reusability
Software development companies are now reusing components of their coding and automating repetitive coding tasks. This helps in reducing the overall development time and energy consumption.
Reusable code components also have the advantage of being error-free since they’ve already been tested. This helps reduce the application testing time and fix defects during production, which also have a net-positive impact on the environment.
2. Low- and No-Code Platforms
In addition to reusing codes, the emergence of no-code or low-code platforms can further help in reducing environmental impact during software development. These platforms can help delivers software and applications at 10x the speed compared to the traditional approach of software development. As a result, it reduces about 90% in energy consumption per software development.
These platforms combined with AI-assisted technology can boost development time, ultimately reducing the global carbon footprint in developing these applications.
3. High-Performance Coding Standards
In general, the focus of green software development is to build carbon-efficient applications and attain carbon-neutrality. Thus, the business aims to get the most value out of the software for every carbon unit it releases into the environment.
That said, there’s an overlap between making software greener but also cheaper and faster.
For existing software, refactoring is a powerful strategy to eliminate the useless code and pave the way for carbon-aware and energy-efficient software. Meanwhile, for net-new software development, there are several recommendations for green software developers.
One is to ensure optimized and monitored control flows within the software. Energy is inefficiently used when software repeats the same activity in a loop without getting the intended results— it only consumes energy.
Secondly, you need to enhance the interaction between the hardware layer and software. With the increasing footprint of IoT apps, this is a critical matter as the number of hardware devices also increases exponentially.
Lastly, you need to optimize data exchanged between databases and software applications. This can be done via data aggregation or data compression techniques. This can be beneficial for Big Data or data-intensive software and applications.
4. Self-Adaptable Solutions
Providing different configurations within the same software and activating them at different times, a trade-off can be attained between the energy consumed and the features provided.
This is like using the eco-mode of operation for apps used for appliances and cars. Self-adaptation in software development can introduce a relevant set of changes to the system and is often an architectural concern.
Fortunately, tools are available to ensure that businesses are making energy-saving decisions from the very start. In addition, newer application architectures such as functions-as-a-service or serverless computing allow for more control over capacity and, thus, energy consumption.
What is green software engineering?
This is an emerging discipline of software development with philosophies, principles in creating, developing and running sustainable software applications. With this discipline, software engineers make changes in their codes and software architectural designing to help reduce the carbon emissions consumed by the software they’re developing.
Why eco-friendly software development is important?
The negative impact that we have on Earth have been discussed widely and is a well-known fact. While most people think those in the manufacturing and production industries should only adopt eco-friendly practices, technology, also contribute to global warming and have a negative impact on the world.
The eco-friendlier innovations and technologies we come up with and opt for green software development, the less polluted the planet will become.
In short, green software development allows us to use technology in a more sustainable way and reduce our negative impact on the world.
As we gear up for a sustainable tomorrow, eco-friendly software development and companies are emerging as the next best step for businesses to reduce their environmental impact.
Going forward, participation from more and more businesses in this green mission of building a sustainable business world can drive success and ensuring a greener future.